World Hunger Is On The Rise – And Climate Change Is To Blame

A study found that overall climate change is reducing global production of staples such as rice and wheat.

Image: REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany

Farmers are used to dealing with weather, but climate change is making it harder by altering temperature and rainfall patterns, as in this year’s unusually cool and wet spring in the central U.S. In a recently published study, I worked with other scientists to see whether climate change was measurably affecting crop productivity and global food security.

To analyze these questions, a team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota’s Institute on the Environment spent four years collecting information on crop productivity from around the world. We focused on the top 10 global crops that provide the bulk of consumable food calories: Maize (corn), rice, wheat, soybeans, oil palm, sugarcane, barley, rapeseed (canola), cassava and sorghum. Roughly 83 percent of consumable food calories come from just these 10 sources. Other than cassava and oil palm, all are important U.S. crops.

We found that climate change has affected yields in many places. Not all of the changes are negative: Some crop yields have increased in some locations. Overall, however, climate change is reducing global production of staples such as rice and wheat. And when we translated crop yields into consumable calories – the actual food on people’s plates – we found that climate change is already shrinking food supplies, particularly in food-insecure developing countries.

Adding up local trends

The first thing we needed to understand was how temperature and precipitation influenced crop productivity in many locations. To do this, we analyzed data from up to 20,000 counties and districts around the world to see how crop yields varied in each place with changes in precipitation and temperature.

Once we had constructed an empirical model connecting crop yield to weather variations at each location, we could use it to assess how much yields had changed from what we would have expected to see if average weather patterns had not changed. The difference between what we would have predicted, based on the counterfactual weather, and what actually occurred reflects the influence of climate change.

Our analysis showed that climate change has already affected crop yields around the world. There were variations between locations and among crops, but when all of these different results were totaled, we found yields of some important global staples were already declining. For example, we estimated that climate change was reducing global rice yields by 0.3% and wheat yields by 0.9% on average each year.

In contrast, some more drought-tolerant crops have benefited from climate change. Yields of sorghum, which many people in the developing world use as a food grain, have increased by 0.7% in sub-Saharan Africa and 0.9% yearly in western, southern and southeastern Asia due to climate shifts since the 1970s.

Climate change is boosting maize (corn) yields in parts of the U.S., Latin America and Asia, but sharply reducing them elsewhere.

Image: Ray et al., 2019 CC BY

A mixed US picture

In the United States corn and soybeans are important cash crops, with a combined value of more than US$90 billion in 2017. We found that climate change is causing a small net increase in yields of these crops – on average, about 0.1% and 3.7% respectively each year.

But these numbers reflect both gains and losses. In some Corn Belt states, such as Indiana and Illinois, climate change is shaving up to 8% off of annual corn yields. At the same time, it has boosted annual yields in Iowa and Minnesota by approximately 2.8%. All four of these states now have slightly warmer and wetter corn growing seasons, but Indiana and Illinois have seen larger increases in warming and smaller increases in moisture compared to Iowa and Minnesota.

Our maps track these changes down to the county level. In eastern Iowa, Illinois and Indiana, climate change has been reducing corn yields even as it boosts them to the northwest in Minnesota and North Dakota. We see similar patterns for soybean farming: Reductions are moving up from the south and east parts of the country, where slightly more warming has occurred than in states farther north. Climate change is also reducing overall yields of other important crops, such as wheat and barley.

Climate change is reducing U.S. soybean yields in southern and eastern states (red areas) and expanding them to the north and west (green areas).
Image: Deepak Ray, CC BY-ND

From harvests to meals

While these impacts on crop yields are notable in themselves, we had to go a step farther to understand how they could affect global food security. Humans eat food, not crop yields, so we needed to determine how climate change was affecting supplies of consumable food calories. In its most recent assessment report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recognized that this question had not yet been answered and was critical to building a strong case for climate change action.

Our study showed that climate change is reducing consumable food calories by around 1% yearly for the top 10 global crops. This may sound small, but it represents some 35 trillion calories each year. That’s enough to provide more than 50 million people with a daily diet of over 1,800 calories – the level that the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization identifies as essential to avoid food deprivation or undernourishment.

Global hunger rises after declining for a decade

The number of undernourished people in the world has risen since 2014, to an estimated 821 million in 2017.

What’s more, we found that decreases in consumable food calories are already occurring in roughly half of the world’s food insecure countries, which have high rates of undernourishment, child stunting and wasting, and mortality among children under age 5 due to lack of sufficient food. For example, in India annual food calories have declined by 0.8% annually and in Nepal they have fallen by 2.2% annually.

Reductions are also occurring in southern African countries, including Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. We even found losses in some rich industrialized nations, such as Australia, France and Germany.

Rich countries can work their way out of food calorie shortages by importing food. But poorer countries may need help. Short-term strategies could include using our findings to breed or increase cultivation of crops that are resilient to or even benefit from climate change. Farming techniques and agriculture policies can also help small-scale farmers increase crop yields.

The fact that world hunger has started to rise after a decadelong decline is alarming. In the long run, wealthy and developing countries alike will have to find ways to produce food in a changing climate. I hope this will lead to a rethinking of the entire food system, from diets to food waste, and to more sustainable techniques for feeding the world.

214 thoughts on “World Hunger Is On The Rise – And Climate Change Is To Blame”

  1. Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

  2. Pingback: free online cougar dating websites

  3. Play the best free online crazy games on lagged.com. Compete for high scores and earn achievements by logging into your Lagged account. Join millions of players from around the world by playing our free games on any device. Find any game that you want to play by searching at the top of the page. Former staff members of Crazy Games would stay with Cavia to work on various projects, including programmer Kazuaki Yokozawa who word work as lead programmer on such titles as Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles and its follow-up Resident Evil: The Darkside Chronicles. A handful of other former Crazy Games staff at Cavia would be credited on such games including WinBack 2: Project Poseidon and Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex. Cavia would be absorbed into AQ Interactive in July 2010 and almost a year later would be merged with Marvelous Entertainment. It’s unknown how many former Crazy Games staff have stayed with the company (or the game industry as a whole) since these mergers. http://86x.org/home.php?mod=space&uid=251880 Gameplay software and consoles are a great way to start playing games remotely over Zoom. Steam is a particularly good choice for remote play using its Steam Remote Play feature. If you use Steam Remote Play, only one person has to own a game copy in order to start, but you’ll all need to make free accounts to play together. While Steam takes care of the game screen sharing, keeping Zoom open offers an easier way to socialize while you’re playing. Now Playing: Furry friend gets in on a game of golf

  4. Pingback: is ourtime dating site free

  5. с попперсом, гей поперс, гей попперс, эмо, ласковые ручки Это сексуальное увлечение подразделяется на: вагинальный; анальный; двойной фистинг. Продаем только оригинальные продукты прошедшие необходимые испытания. Most Relevant Poppers Orgasm porn videos can be watched for free on PussySpace, Go to Real Orgasm sex movies now!. Подали самовар, а к нему сливки, сухари, пирожное; разливала чай и хозяйничала горничная Однако не стоит забывать, что с увеличением эффективности действия попперса, растет и количество противопоказаний/побочных эффектов. Поэтому, если вы используете сильные возбудители, то обязательно внимательно изучить инструкцию. Обратите внимание, что при беременности и грудном кормлении попперсы использовать нельзя. https://peatix.com/user/8370375 Содержание Заполните форму для консультации и заказа Ant King комплекс для потенции и увеличения члена. Оператор уточнит у вас все детали и мы отправим ваш заказ. Через 1-10 дней вы получите посылку и оплатите её при получении “Потенциальный кандидат на приобретение статуса вакцины показал свою эффективность в предотвращении заражения COVID-19 более чем на 90%”, – говорится в заявлении, опубликованном на сайте Pfizer. Заказать средство для повышения потенции , какие таблетки есть для увеличение члена. Для повышения потенции аликапс уколы для потенции цена, препораты для увеличения членов какие фрукты полезные для потенции. Заказать средство для повышения потенции цветы полезные для потенции, препараты для потенции мужчин в возрасте цена. как повысить потенцию подручными средствами, комплексы повышения потенции. Лечебные средства повышения потенции топ препараты для повышения потенции у мужчин, средства для потенции в аптеках рязани повышение потенции у мужчин после 40 таблетки. комплексы повышения потенции, самые эффективные средства повышающие потенцию у мужчин. Рекомендуетcя курсовой прием Алитабса, который рассчитан на 1,5 месяца использования. Можно ли употреблять Алитабс с алкогольными напитками? Да, его можно употреблять как с умеренными дозами алкогольных напитков, так и с лекарственными средствами.

  6. [url=http://cialisconnect.com/]can i buy cialis over the counter canada[/url] [url=http://viagrawithnoprescription.com/]best online viagra canada[/url] [url=http://opivermectin.com/]stromectol 15 mg[/url] [url=http://cialisdf.com/]generic cialis sale[/url] [url=http://sildenafilchem.com/]buy sildenafil citrate 100mg[/url] [url=http://crmeds.com/]prozac buy online uk[/url] [url=http://ivermectinp.com/]where to buy ivermectin[/url] [url=http://dbpills.com/]metformin online uk[/url] [url=http://kamagrabuyonline.com/]kamagra 100mg us[/url] [url=http://cialisvii.com/]where to buy cialis online uk[/url]

  7. [url=http://startpills.com/]over the counter lisinopril[/url] [url=http://viagracpill.com/]viagra prescription cost canada[/url] [url=http://cialisetabs.com/]cialis brand 10mg[/url] [url=http://sildenafilvtab.com/]buy sildenafil 100mg online in usa[/url] [url=http://viagraoft.com/]150 mg generic viagra[/url] [url=http://ordertadalafilpills.com/]female cialis 20mg[/url] [url=http://ivermectinzt.com/]stromectol 3mg[/url] [url=http://anycialis.com/]cialis professional[/url] [url=http://vdphealth.com/]lasix 40 mg uk[/url] [url=http://cialisextr.com/]cialis mexico cost[/url]

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top